Tag Archives: Kalundborg

The Circular Economy – Who Should Be Participating?

By Ashleigh The phrase itself – the circular economy – is easy enough to understand. It generally represents the concept of using recycled materials as inputs into manufacturing processes with outputs in turn later recycled themselves. Massive potential benefits are possible with large-scale adaptation to a closed-loop system such as this, from environmental (reduced deforestation […]

Continue reading

One man’s trash is another man’s treasure: BPS By-Product Synergies and Industrial Ecologies

By Ryley In many industrial processes today there is an awareness that the waste derived from the refinement and processing of raw materials at times holds more value than the refined product itself. The primary example of this is the refining of petroleum products. The process of refining a barrel of oil produces more products […]

Continue reading

Kalundborg: BPS in Denmark runs cars, produces electricity and heats houses with straw

By Maive Rute [In the case, “Cook Composites and Polymers,” we discussed with some apprehension the diagram of a claimed BPS (By-Product Synergy) network at Kalundborg.  Here is some research on how it actually works in Kalundborg – John M]. When you are looking for an example of ‘circular’ or ‘cradle-to-cradle’ economy, Denmark with its […]

Continue reading